We congratulate Dr Kazuya Saito and his research team on being awarded an ESRC grant of over £430,000 for the project “Dimension-selective attention and second language acquisition”. This is a very interdisciplinary project building on the team’s prior collaborations. Interfacing his colleagues’ work in psychology & neuroscience (PI Adam Tierney & CI Fred Dick, Birkbeck University of London, Department of Psychological Sciences) and Kazuya’s work in SLA, the team will examine how one’s perceptual-cognitive ability to attend to (or ignore) specific acoustic dimensions in speech (pitch vs. duration) can impact the process and product of L1 and L2 acquisition. Based on their theoretical understanding of the topic, they will also devise focused training to lead to optimal learning behaviours (changes to both attention and language). It is a ground-breaking project with huge implications for SLA and beyond. It is certain to strengthen the interdisciplinary base of applied linguistics research.
Former colleagues from the Institute will be sad to hear news of the passing of Euan Reid, who died peacefully at home in Hove on 19 April, at the age of 81.
Euan devoted more than 25 years of his academic career to the IOE, originally joining in 1979 as Research Officer on the Linguistic Minorities Project then as Director of the Community Languages and Education Project from 1985-95.
In addition to chairing the ESOL Department, Euan went on to head the Institute’s Culture, Communications and Societies group; co-ordinate the Institute’s European Unit; and lead on outreach for the IOE’s Professional Development (MA) programmes.
Minority languages in the UK were central to Euan’s research portfolio which included the seminal The Other Languages of England (Linguistic Minorities Project) in 1985; Breaking the Boundaries: the education of migrant children in the EC; and the 2003 Education World Yearbook on Language Education, co-authored with his wife, Professor Jill Bourne.
From the 1990s onwards, Euan was also a key player in the International Mother Tongue Education Network (IMEN), contributing research exploring the relationship between the teaching of English in schools and perceptions of ‘Englishness’ amongst students from minority communities – foreshadowing contemporary debates on multiculturalism in the UK.
Former colleague Professor Ben Rampton of King’s College, says: “In the UK, language education and the study of language in society owe a great deal to Euan – to his understanding of social change, to his organisational sensitivity and imagination, and to his gift for teamwork.
“Like they are today, language, migration and race were very fraught issues from the 1960s to 1980s. Euan’s work was central to broadening people’s horizons beyond language teaching to culture and education, and beyond English to multiculturalism. Euan set up the UK’s first symposium for Sociolinguistics, mapping England’s multilingualism in the Linguistic Minorities Project. This took a lot of pragmatic activism, establishing and editing a new journal for teachers, a new professional association, conferences and reports.
“With what I experienced as a wonderful blend of modesty, steely commitment and dry Scottish humour, Euan had an extraordinary talent for initiating links and blurring potentially threatening boundaries in a way that made productive new partnerships feel comfortable, necessary, natural. Euan actually showed through this period that this field could actually help to make our country a better place in which to live.”
Internationalism was another key strand through Euan’s life and career. As a student, he worked with disadvantaged French teenagers, built a road in Switzerland with comrades from behind the Iron Curtain, and hitchhiked to Greece, even talking his way to stay at the monastery on Mount Athos. In later life, Euan travelled even more widely, visiting Japan and South America several times, and he lived and worked for short periods in India, South Africa and Australia.
“Euan really loved Europe best,” said his wife, Jill Bourne, “its languages new and old, its ideas and its cultures. At heart, he was a European first, a Scot second.”
Euan Reid’s funeral will take place in Hove on 11 May. Former colleagues who wish to do so are invited to make a donation to Euan’s chosen charities: Freedom from Torture and Martlets Hospice, Hove.
As many people will be by now aware, Mike Long passed away in February of this year. Mike was one of the most celebrated of applied linguists, an inspiration to many colleagues and young researchers. He had been Professor in the School of Languages, Literatures and Cultures at the University of Maryland since 2003. Previously he held appointments at the University of Hawai’i and the University of Pennsylvania. He published widely in applied linguistics generally, but perhaps is most well-known for his work in second language acquisition. He is the author of the highly influential Interaction Hypothesis, a theoretical framework which has stimulated a huge volume of research advancing both second language theory-building and practice. He also made leading contributions to our understanding of age effects in second language acquisition, needs analysis, and task-based learning and teaching (TBLT). Indeed, he was an inaugural recipient of the Distinguished Achievement Award awarded by the International Association for Task-based Language Teaching (IATBLT).
Websites honouring Mike’s considerable contributions are appearing. In this short piece we do not want to duplicate what is contained in these sites. We would only like to celebrate where it all started. Although Mike was frequently thought of as an American applied linguist, he was British, and his early career developed in the UK. He started with a law degree at the University of Birmingham. Then, making one of the career switches endemic to our field, he became interested in language teaching. He completed a PGCE (Post-Graduate Certificate in Education) at the Institute of Education (now part of UCL) in what was then called the ESOL (English for Speakers of Other Languages) department. Indeed, that course, in addition to providing his first exposure to applied linguistics and teacher education, led to one of the most important geographical loves of his life – Catalonia, generally, and Barcelona, in particular. The Institute organised a teaching practice in Barcelona for PGCE students at that time. Mike later did an MA in Applied Linguistics at the University of Essex. Amongst others, he was taught by Dick Allwright, who has spoken about how meticulously prepared he always was. Subsequently, Mike taught in Mexico, and from there went on to complete a doctorate at UCLA. Then he took up his North-American career.
Although Mike spent most of his professional life in the US, he retained some good memories of the UK. As a Londoner, he fondly remembered art galleries, the extensive range of Indian restaurants, good football matches, and excellent theatre. After a recent visit to London, he talked with friends about spending 1.5 days at the National Gallery and enjoying some real BBC TV, hard copies of the Guardian, and a Crystal Palace-Manchester City game. We also remember him here with great fondness and respect; his legacy is enormous. His contributions continue to serve as an inspiration for the research of several members of staff and students at the Institute. We work on topics such as interaction and corrective feedback, task-based language teaching, and age effects. There are few sessions (if any) in our module on second language acquisition, where his work is not mentioned. We will cherish his memory and do our best to carry forward his immense legacy.
We encourage you to explore this site honouring his career: iatblt.wixsite.com/mikelong/
Andrea Révész and Peter Skehan
Zsófia Demjén and Talia Isaacs have been awarded IOE International Funding to run a free international webinar on ‘Language, Literacy, and Informed Consent in Clinical Trials’ (working title). The webinar will be held in early July and is a UCL Centre for Applied Linguistics contribution to the activities of the International Consortium for Communication in Healthcare. More details will be posted when they become available.
Congratulations, Zsófia and Talia!
Chaoqun Zheng (MA in Applied Linguistics, 2019-2020) has worked with her supervisor, Dr Kazuya Saito, as well as Dr Adam Tierney (Birkbeck), to turn her dissertation into a paper recently published in a top-tier journal in the field of SLA, Second Language Research.
To promote the news, Kazuya created a short YouTube video (click here). The journal editor and publisher really liked it, and the video has just been included as their very first video abstract in the journal (click here).
@IOE_London @UCL_Global @UCL_Alumni @UCLpress @UCL_BiLingo @uclappliedlinguistics
Our own Dr Sara Young will be giving a UCL lunchtime lecture on 16 February 2021, 1:00 –2:00 pm entitled “Staying in touch: Maintaining transnational identities during Covid-19“. In these difficult times, for those attempting to maintain connections with friends and family across two (or more) cultures and countries, as well as their own identity, such transnational identities may be constrained in several ways. Sara will discuss these issues and more in this online event, open to all.
Please register for the event here: https://www.eventbrite.co.uk/e/staying-in-touch-maintaining-transnational-identities-during-covid-19-tickets-125859610483
Dr Andrea Sunyol, ALT postgraduate tutor, is one of three Early career scholars who have been selected by the UCL Collaborative Social Science Domain to present at the UCL Early Stage Researcher (ESR) showcase which will be held next week as part of the UCL Festival of Early Stage Researchers. Andrea will be presenting a paper titled “Becoming employable’: Pre-sessional English courses at an elite university in the UK”.
The ESR showcase will take place 25-29 January, and Andrea will be presenting on the morning of Thursday the 28th. She will present her postdoc project proposal, which is framed within a research project led by her postdoctoral mentor, our own Dr Miguel Pérez Milans. The project also integrates other doctoral students in the Culture, Communication and Media department who are setting to undertake research along similar lines, working together as a group. Andrea will present her project on pre-sessional EAP courses, representing just one part of a broader research endeavour aiming to understand what employability means and how it is done at this specific moment in higher education institutions in the UK.
Our own Dr Yi Wang, currently an ESRC post-doc fellow working with Prof Andrea Revesz and former PhD student of Prof Li Wei, has co-written an insightful piece for the Times Higher Education student blogs on the struggles of Chinese international students in the UK during the Covid-19 pandemic. Read it here:
Note that registration is not required to read the THE student blogs.
The following was sent out on the email list for the British Association for Applied Linguistics, 14 Jan 2021, written by Prof Adrian Blackledge (Stirling) and Director of the UCL Centre for Applied Linguistics, Prof Li Wei.
In memory of Jan Blommaert
Jan Blommaert, who has died age 59, influenced the field of sociolinguistics beyond measure, changing how we think about, and understand, language in social life.
He took his PhD at Ghent University in 1989, his dissertation a study of Swahili political discourse in Tanzania. From that moment he was indefatigable in pushing at the boundaries of the known. His research, teaching, and writing always challenged the status quo, while also acknowledging the lessons of history. For all that, it was discussion with colleagues and students that he claimed as his favourite activity. He asked some of the most intriguing, unexpected and thought-provoking questions, always in a supportive and motivating manner. An eternal, insatiable learner, he took pleasure in the generous exchange of ideas – what he called the ludic, fun, pleasure dimensions of academic life.
He spent a period as head of the Department of African Languages and Cultures at Ghent University; as Professor and Chair at the Institute of Education, University of London; and as Distinguished Professor at University of Jyväskylä. In 2007 he found a home as Professor of Language, Culture and Globalization, and Director of the Babylon Center for the Study of Superdiversity, at Tilburg University.
Throughout his career he held fast to core principles which guided his practice: to give, to educate, to inspire, and to be democratic. In his professional life he gave of himself beyond the reasonable. By his own nomination a knowledge activist, he made research and scholarship more than relevant, often going out to speak to non-academic audiences, including teachers, social workers, police, refugee support organizations, and many more.
He took his responsibility as an educator seriously. He expected the best of his students, believing that in aiming, as he said, an inch above their heads, they would respond by reaching for greater heights. He was rarely disappointed. As a researcher, a writer, and a teacher he opened up directions of thought, challenging existing formulations, always moving forward. Whether giving a keynote talk in a crowded conference hall, listening to a student in a tutorial in his office, or sitting in a research team meeting, he inspired with his energy, enthusiasm, and acuity. Indeed he took inspiration as a central instrument and goal of academic and intellectual practice. In his writing he led his readers to the limits of his own knowledge, gave us a glimpse of what lay beyond, and invited us to explore new intellectual domains.
A consistent theme throughout his scholarship was language and social justice. In his work, as well as in life, he was always ready to confront discrimination and inequality wherever he found them. He consistently worked with and for scholars and institutions in the Global South, building networks and partnerships, offering whatever support and assistance he could, and always learning. Academic partnership must be democratic at all times, never imposed ‘from above’. For him knowledge earned through collaboration was the key to winning the fight for equality.
He found himself increasingly at odds with the formal strictures of the academy. He resisted what he saw as a new culture in the university, which insisted on competition, while restricting dialogue, collaboration, slowness, and time to think. He fought against academic publishing, which, as he saw it, had become a form of terror for young scholars, rather than a force for creativity and liberation. His means of resistance was to make publication accessible to all. The Tilburg Papers in Culture Studies Babylon, which he founded and jointly edited, currently runs to 249 publications. In recent years, he spent considerable time and energy on Diggit, an online magazine providing an alternative platform for information exchange and debates on digital culture, globalization, and the arts.
To the end, his scholarship continued to provoke and inform, within and without the academy. In recent times he had taken forward the study of online-offline discourse in post-digital societies. Without question, his work will inspire and educate generations of students in the future. As a sociolinguist, applied linguist, ethnographer, and anthropologist, he was the leading scholar of his generation. We will miss him enormously.
He is survived by his wife Pika, and his sons Frederik and Alexander.
Adrian Blackledge, University of Stirling
Li Wei, UCL Institute of Education
We are saddened by the recent loss of Professor Jan Blommaert, sociolinguist and linguistic anthropologist at Tilburg University in the Netherlands. We would like to share two tributes written by members of the UCL Centre for Applied Linguistics. Dr Miguel Perez-Milans shared his, written in Spanish, on the EDISO website.
As Professor John O’Regan‘s was published internally at UCL Institute of Education, we share it below.
In memoriam: Jan Blommaert
It is with great sadness that we report the premature death of our former colleague, Professor Jan Blommaert, who died of cancer on the 7th January 2021, aged 59. Jan was based at the IOE from 2005 to 2008 when he held the Chair in Applied Linguistics in the Department of Culture Communication and Media. In addition to being a critical thinker of the highest calibre, he was also a most popular teacher and doctoral supervisor. During an academic career spanning more than thirty years, Jan also held posts at the University of Antwerp, University of Jyväskylä, Tilburg University and the University of Ghent. He also held honorary professorships at Beijing Language and Culture University, the University of the Western Cape and the Hellenic American University, and was the recipient of many prestigious awards. Through his prodigious scholarship and his forthright ‘knowledge activism’ his critical presence and influence extended well beyond the three years he spent with us at the IOE.
Born in Belgium, and a graduate of the University of Ghent, Jan became a prominent sociolinguist and linguistic anthropologist, making substantial contributions to sociolinguistic theory and to our understanding of the spread of languages and of forms of literacy, always in the context of a deep appreciation of the historical and political conditions in which diverse linguistic and semiotic practices were located across the longue durée. Jan’s was a profoundly historicised understanding of the world and of the place of sociolinguistics in it, which was informed by a close engagement with a wide range of perspectives in structuralism, existentialism, phenomenology, linguistics, anthropology, political economy and postcolonial studies. He cited many influences upon him, including Michel Foucault, Carlo Ginzburg, Bakhtin, Freud, Durkheim, Simmel, Parsons, Eric Hobsbawm, E.P. Thompson, Pierre Bourdieu, Charles Goodwin, Dell Hymes, Michael Silverstein, Erving Goffman, Aaron Cicourel, Harold Garfinkel, Anne Rawls, Fernand Braudel, J.K. Galbraith, Immanuel Wallerstein, Arjun Appadurai and several others. He also studied Marx and Marxism in its diverse varieties, Rational Choice, Macchiavelli, Darwin, G.H. Mead’s work and influence, Dewey, Paolo Freire, Ngugi wa Thiong’o, Okot p’Bitek, Walter Rodney, Issa Shivji and much African political theory from the 1950s, 60s and 70s.
Jan’s work variously drew attention to people’s unequal access to universally valuable linguistic resources such as standard English or Dutch and the continued significance of inequality in the midst of a communicative superdiversity brought about by globalisation processes, increased human mobility and the explosion in new communications technologies in the later twentieth century. He was also a powerful advocate of ethnography, ethnopoetics and the study of ideology and discourse. We see that reflected in publications such as Discourse (2005), The Sociolinguistics of Globalization (2010), Ethnographic Fieldwork: An Introduction (with Dong Jie) (2010), and Ethnography, Superdiversity and Linguistic Landscapes: Chronicles of Complexity (2013). Jan was at all times deeply concerned with the human condition and the production and management of meaning, very often in circumstances of inequality and ‘loss of voice’ amongst the marginalised and dispossessed. The recollection by Philip Seargeant, a past doctoral student of Jan’s, provides an evocative picture of the Jan we all knew. We see how his work was driven by a wish to understand the human condition and to expose the sociolinguistic, ideological, discursive and structural processes that were responsible for constituting human subjectivity within unequal relations of power and meaning. Jan had a burning desire to make the world a more equitable place and to dig down into the material realities of human experience and discover what people actually did with the linguistic resources at their disposal in the contexts in which they found themselves. This is not only evident in his prolific and often ground-breaking academic work, but also in the vast archive of postings and commentaries he made on broader social and political issues, as well as on sociolinguistics, on his blog Ctrl+Alt+Dem and public platforms such as YouTube. He was also well known as an independent political commentator and thinker in Belgian public discourse. It is a rich legacy that leaves us with a good deal to think about and to encourage us. Jan was much admired as a scholar, didact and colleague, and as a kind and gentle man. The esteem in which Jan was held possibly also stemmed from the fact that he was an activist and theorist who embodied for many the passion and commitment that led them to a career in education and research. Jan’s was a singular contribution in the very highest traditions of critical academic enquiry and service to the public good. He will be greatly missed. Adieu dear Jan.